Ethical hacking involves hacking a system, application, or data with authorisation. Ethical hackers, also known as white hat hackers, take over a system for a definite and positive purpose, following the exact procedures that a black hat hacker would follow.
The usage of ethical hacking has come into practice mainly to identify and fix security vulnerabilities in a system, application, or data. It aims to provide security to the systems to recognise the malicious attackers and prevent them from attacking the systems. Ethical hackers intrude on a system with permission from the organisation or the IT sector owner and work in favour of that organisation.
The Primary Fundamentals of ethical hacking?
Hence, it is legal and safe. It saves the system from black hat hackers, and the hackers work professionally. They don’t put the organisation at risk or expose any confidential data. They get involved at the level that the organisation allows them to. Thus, it is consensual hacking.
To clarify ethical hacking, we must explore the basic concepts of hacking that legalise it. Let us see the factors that together make up hacking.
Get the authorisation-
An ethical hacker would always ask for permission and approval from the authority before taking over a system. Only then it can be called ethical hacking when he has the authorisation to hack the system.
Describe the reason for ethical hacking-
The ethical hacker needs to explain the scope of the hacking and why it would benefit the organisation. There has to be a valid reason to hack a system ethically, and the organisation’s owner must know it. The owner can define the boundaries to the hacker that he must not cross. This promotes transparency.
Notify the vulnerabilities-
The hacker has to report the system vulnerabilities and threats so that action can be taken. The primary goal of ethical hackers is to identify a breach in the security. Thus, an ethical hacker must take care of his duty.
An ethical hacker gets permission to access confidential data and enters places that are not open for others. The hacker has to maintain confidentiality and contract agreement to ensure that he won’t have any public information.
These are the four key conditions that ethical hackers need to maintain.
Skills that ethical hackers possess
You may ask why you would trust an ethical hacker? Ethical hackers are professionals, and they have certifications and skills that make them reliable for the task. They are trained individuals who know their tasks well.
Below are some basic skills that individuals must have to practice ethical hacking.
- Enhanced experience in computer skills
- Expertise in the sector of networking
- Ability to operate systems
- Advanced-level knowledge on the principles of information security and ethical hacking
Hence, you can now differentiate between ethical hacking and malicious hacking. It keeps the organisation’s system free from threats and risks and fixes the system’s vulnerabilities, data, and application safe. Therefore, the concept of hacking must be encouraged worldwide.